Numenius phaeopus
English: Whimbrel.
German: Regenbrachvogel.
French: Courlis corlieu.
Order: Charadriiformes.
Family: Scolopacidae.
40-42 cm.
The Whimbrel can be confused with the Eurasian Curlew. The Whimbrel has distinctive head markings: a darker crown with a lighter central crown stripe, dark eyestripe, and a pale supercilium that makes the eyebrows stand out.

• Numenius phaeopus phaeopus
• Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris
• Numenius phaeopus ariegatus
• Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus (Hudsonian Whimbrel or American Whimbrel). Occurs in Europe, lacking a white rump.
Sexual dimorphism cannot be seen in this species’ plumage.
As with the Eurasian Curlew, females usually have longer bills.
Juveniles can only be distinguished from adults by the markings on their upperparts, which are lighter than those of adults. In addition, the bill of young birds is notably shorter.
Primaries: 10 per wing.
Secundaries: 18 per wing.
Rectrices: 12.


Adult specimen:
Beak tip to pupil center:

Adult specimen


1.- Left wing primaries. 2.- Primaries. 3.- Details of the outer vane of the primaries. 4.- Details of the vane of P6. 5.- Details of P10 (the only primary with a white rachis). 6.- Details of the primaries. 7.- Details of the outer vane of P9. 8.- Left wing secondaries (S1-S9). 9.- Left wing secondaries (S10-S18). 10.- Secondaries and tertials. 11.- Details of the outer vane of the secondaries. 12.- Details of the secondaries. 13.- Details of the tertials. 14.- Primaries, secondaries, and tertials. 15.- Primaries, secondaries, and tertials. 16.- Primaries, secondaries, tertials. Primary coverts and greater coverts. 17.- Primary coverts. 18.- Secondary coverts. 19.- Primaries, secondaries, tertials. Primary and secondary coverts (G, M, and L). Alula. 20.- Median and lesser coverts. 21.- Details of the lesser coverts. 22.- Rectrices. 23.- Rectrices. 24.- Rectrices + uppertail coverts. 25.- Details of the rectrices. 26.- Details of the rectrices. 27.- Details of the uppertail coverts. 28.- Rectrices + undertail coverts. 29.- Wing lining feathers (left wing). 30.- Vent feathers.

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